|Religion||Reasons for Moving||Structure of Households||Sub-Distric||Unpaid Work for the Suco Community||Working Language|
This glossary contains definitions of census terms and provides the explanations needed to understand the census results presented in tables, graphs and maps. Most definitions of entries in this glossary are based on the questions on the 2004 Census questionnaire. This is because the first step to understand a census statistic is to know how it was collected and which specific units are included.
It is expected that this glossary become a helpful document for census data users and provide them with the necessary information for a better understanding of the available census statistics.
The age of each person was obtained by asking directly for the age in years (on the last birthday). The age of babies less than one year old was recorded as 0. Regarding age groups, 0-4 years includes those who are less than 5 years old, 5-9 years includes those aged 5 years or more but less than 10 years. The 85+ group includes those 85 years or older.
They are dwellings where people live, on a temporary or permanent basis, but do not relate to each other to form a household; instead, provisions of living essentials are usually made by an institutional organization. Examples include convents, prisons, orphanages, hospitals, boarding schools and hotels.
It refers to the predominant or most utilized material in the construction of the house, in particular walls, roof and floor.
1) External walls
Notice that the category “other”, refers mainly to temporary material.
It refers to all relevant crops cultivated by the household. The census question was: Does this household grow any crops, either temporary or permanent, to support the household? If yes, please tick applicable box(es) . The boxes refers to the following crops: rice, maize, cassava, vegetables, fruit (temporary) fruit (permanent), coffee, coconut, other temporary crops, other permanent crops.
This term refers to the classification of the population into the economically active (in the labor force) and the not economically active (not in the labor force). The former comprises people who furnish the supply of labor for the production of goods and services during the reference time period chosen for the census. The latter refers to those persons who did not participate in the labor force during the reference time period and if they were unemployed, did not search for a job. These two categories are then sub-divided as follows:
1) In the Labor Force:
2) Not in the Labor Force:
All the people present in the dwelling on the night of the census or all who passed the night there.
It is the population who usually live in the dwelling regardless of where they passed the night of the census.
It is the capacity of a person to read and write, or any combination thereof as informed by the interviewee.
The district was the main administrative division of Timor-Leste during the 2004 census. The country is divided into 13 districts. At present, the main division is the region . The country is divided into 5 regions.
It refers to the place where the person was counted on census day.
It is the place where the person lived on the day of the census.
It is a structure which is intended to have people live in it. There are three types of dwellings: private, hotels and institutions.
It refers to the highest grade completed within the most advanced level attended in the educational system. The following levels were considered in the questionnaire:
Is the person identified by other members of the household as such.
It is defined as one or more persons residing in the same dwelling, and who make common provision for food and other essentials for living.
It is the number of members of the household. Sometimes it is convenient to distinguish between adult members (older than 6 years or older than 14 years) and child members in order to differentiate the effect of fertility from the effect of household complexity on household size. The latter is the tendency of the adult population to form their own household as opposed to residing in someone else’s household, usually a relative.
Refers to the activity of the establishment in which an economically active person worked during the reference time period or where he worked previously, if the person is unemployed. Activity of the establishment means the kind of goods or services produced.
It is a dwelling that accommodates an institutional household.
This term has two meanings. In the tables related to language it is considered as the capacity to speak, read or write or in any combination thereof, any or all of the official and working languages, as informed by the interviewee. In the tables related to education and literacy, the term is used in a restricted sense, referring only to the capacity to speak a language.
It refers to the type of work done during the reference time period by the person employed, or the type of work done previously, if the person is unemployed. The two-digit International Standard Classification of Occupations code was used.
It is the personal status of each individual in relation to the marriage laws or customs of the country. The categories included in the 2004 census are the following:
Limitation(s) in the kind or amount of activities that a person can do because of ongoing difficulties due to a long-term mental condition
It is the language usually spoken in the individual’s home in his or her early childhood.
It is the total number of children that a woman declared to have had and that have been born alive (stillbirths should not be included).
It is the total number of children that a woman declares to have had and is alive by the time of the census
It is the number of women who reported to have had a birth between 11 July 2003 and 11 July 2004.
The official languages of Timor Leste are Portuguese and Tetum (Article 13, No. 1, Constitution of the People’s Republic of Timor Leste).
Five ownership categories were included in the census questionnaire:
It is important to note that due to the current status of property legislation in Timor-Leste, it is extremely difficult to conclusively prove that an individual is in sole possession of a particular property. Thus this question pertains more to perception of ownership and provides an approximate idea of how many households and individuals live in each category of dwelling.
The absolute number of each species of animal by a household for use or profit as of census day: chicken, pigs, sheep, goats, horses, cattle and buffalo. Because it is known that in Timor-Leste individuals frequently share ownership of livestock, this item may exaggerate the absolute numbers owned. The information, does however, provide an enhanced sense of where certain species of livestock are more prevalent.
Limitation(s) in the kind or amount of activities that a person can do because of ongoing difficulties due to a long-term physical condition.
The subdivision, or the foreign country, in which the individual resided at a specified date preceding the census. In the 2004 questionnaire two dates were included: January 1999 (5 years prior to the census) and July 2002 (2 years prior to the census).
Most of the tables in this publication include residents of the entire territory of Timor-Leste who were in the country on the census day (11 July 2004). This is the de facto population, that is, the people enumerated where they are found on census day, which includes residents absent from the country between 48 hours and 1 year, in addition to residents present on census day.
The age group children are supposed to attend primary school. In Timor-Leste it is from 6 to 11 years of age.
A dwelling that accommodates a private household
The definition of private household is the same as household. The term private is used specifically to differentiate between private and collective households.
It refers to the relation of each of the residents of a private household to the person allocated to the role of head of the household. The following categories were included in the 2004 census:
This item refers to religious affiliation or belief. The following religions were considered in the 2004 census: Catholic, Islam, Buddhist, Hindu, Protestant/Evangelical, Traditional, Other.
This item corresponds to a direct question on the reasons for moving, which was asked of all migrants. The question was placed after the question on residence in January 1999 and also after the question on residence in July 2002: If you moved from there, why did you move? The alternatives were: work, education, marriage, family moved, return to family land, violence, more secure, temporary housing, and other. These questions represent an attempt to determine motivation as perceived by the migrant and should be considered with caution in any analysis of migration determinants or causes.
Each district is split into between 3 to 7 sub-districts.
The sum of days in the previous month (June 12 to 11 July, 2004 inclusive) that the adults of the household (15 years of age and older) spent completing activities and tasks for the benefit of the community. These activities could include working the communal suco land (community farming), repairing irrigation systems, roads, or public infrastructure, preparing for local ceremonies and any activities associated with the church.
The working languages of Timor-Leste are English and Indonesian. They have been approved in the Constitution to allow for working communication purposes until such time as the official languages, Portuguese and Tetum, are fully integrated (Article 159, Constitution of the People’s Republic of Timor-Leste).