This section provides information on housing conditions in Timor-Leste. The tabulations depict the type of existing dwellings, their main characteristics, the ownership status of the residence, and the availability of utility services such as water, sewage, electricity and communications.
A dwelling could be an entire building or a part of it. It is designed for the living of one or more households, regardless of the status of occupation. It has walls and a ceiling, and consists of one or more rooms with their accessories. Deserted buildings unsuitable for human occupation do not qualify as dwellings.
A room is a dwelling or part of it, surrounded by walls, having a ceiling and used for the purposes of sleeping, sitting, dining or studying. The kitchen is considered a room if used for sitting or sleeping in addition its use as a kitchen. A bathroom, toilet, corridor, veranda or balcony does not qualify as room.
Drinking water from an improved water source refers to tap or bottled water, or water from a pump or a protected well or spring, while unimproved sources include water from unprotected wells and springs, rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, and rainwater. Treatment of drinking water refers to various methods employed by the household to make the water safe for drinking. The water could be boiled, filtered or treated with chemicals.
Basic sanitation indicates access to improved sanitation facilities such as adequate sewage disposal facilities (private or shared but not public). They comprise pit latrines, flush toilets and septic tank as the means of final disposal of sewage.