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Demographics and Health Survey

Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey

The 2016 Timor-Leste Demographic and Health Survey (2016 TLDHS) was implemented by the General Directorate of Statistics, Ministry of Finance. The funding for the 2016 TLDHS was provided by the Government of Government of Timor-Leste, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization (WHO), the European Union, and the World Bank. ICF provided technical assistance through The DHS Program, a USAID-funded project providing support and technical assistance in the implementation of population and health surveys in countries worldwide.


• The main objective of the 2016 TLDHS is to provide current estimates on fertility levels, marriage, sexual activity, family planning, breastfeeding practices, nutrition, childhood and maternal mortality, maternal and child health, malaria, domestic violence, and HIV/AIDS and other STIs.

• This information is essential for program managers and policymakers to evaluate and design programs and strategies for improving the health of the country.
The Survey

• The 2016 TLDHS is the 2nd Demographic and Health Survey conducted in country since 2009-10 as part of The DHS Program.

• It is designed to provide estimates at the national level, urban and rural areas, and for each of the 12 municipalities plus the special administrative region (SAR) of Oecussi

Sample Design

Sampling Frame: 2015 Timor-Leste Population and Housing Census
First Stage: 129 urban and 326 rural clusters selected
Second Stage: 26 households per cluster were selected. Overall, 11,829 households were selected of which 11,660 were occupied.

Selected households were visited and interviewed. All women age 15-49 in all selected households and men age 15-59 in one-third of the selected households were interviewed. Anthropometry and biomarkers were collected in households selected for man’s survey.

Further information