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The General Directorate of Statistics conducts a range of economic and business surveys. These surveys provide important information on aspects of the Timor-Leste economy and they also provide source data that are critical for compilation of gross domestic product (GDP) and other national accounts statistics.
The Business Activity Survey was first conducted in 2010 and is now conducted each year. It collects data that are essential for understanding the economic circumstances of Timor-Leste as the country pursues its development agenda. The main BAS statistics are of two types:

· Data that shed light on the structure and economic performance of the formal business sector in Timor-Leste. Such data include business counts, employment aggregates (e.g. employment status, gender), a detailed breakdown of income and expenses items (by industry) and profit/loss items.

· Economic data items used in the compilation of the Timor-Leste national accounts, most particularly the calculation of gross domestic product. These data include output, intermediate use, industry value added, compensation of employees, gross operating surplus and capital expenditure.

The data are also presented separately by selected industries and by geography (Dili/other Districts).

The Labour Force Survey was conducted in respect of 2010 and is expected to be conducted on a regular basis in future. The survey collects data from households, including household characteristics and employment status (employed/unemployed/not in the labour force). The 2010 survey was conducted with technical support and backstopping by the International Labour Organization.